Besides the fact that rats and mice have a few traits in common, they have quite a few differences. Depending on the rodent you’re dealing with at your home, there are different pest control methods to get rid of them. That’s why it’s crucial to know the difference between mouse vs. rat in order to remove any type of rodents from your home, office, or any place. Keeping that in mind, we’ve created a complete guide on mouse vs rat below. Make sure to read it till the end.
Mouse vs. Rat: What’s the difference?
The differences between mice and rats are vast, ranging from behavior differences, physical characteristics, and much more.
1. Mouse vs. Rat: Behavior
One of the most prominent differences between mice and rats is that mice are curious and cautious. A mouse investigates the situation before doing anything. That makes it hard to catch a mouse in comparison to a rat. You just can’t set a trap and expect a mouse to come right in. In addition, mice chew and climb the household material. If you see any tear-ups on your ceiling and attic, that means you’re dealing with a mouse. Lastly, mice consume more food and water, leaving 50-100 dropping and urine trail in a day.
On the other hand, a rat being cautious gets comfortable with the place after crossing it multiple times. So, if you know the patch that the rat uses, you can simply set a trap there, and the rat will most likely follow it and get caught. In addition, rats don’t tear up the walls. They chew it. If you see some electronic wires around your home chewed up, that means you’re dealing with a rat. Lastly, rats consume less food as compared to mice. A rat can leave around 20-50 dropping in a day.
2. Mouse vs Rat: Physical Characteristics
There are more than 70 types of rats and mice in different parts of the world. Among all, the most common type and high population are from the Muridae family, including house mice, Norway rats, and the roof rat.
- Roof Rat:
Roof rates are slim body rodents with larges ears. They don’t have any hairs, just a gray body with black shades and a dark tail. An adult roof rat can weigh around 200 grams. Another important element of a roof rat characteristics their droppings are in spindles shape.
- Norway Rat:
Norway rats are heavy rodents, and they have thick bodies with short ears. Unlike root rats, they have dark hair with a brown body and a shaggy coat. An adult Norway rat can weigh about 300 grams and discharge in capsule-shaped droppings.
- House Mouse:
House mice are among the most widely found rodents in the world. They have small heads and feet with large ears. Therefore, they are very easy to detect. They have hairs and brown body color with gray shading and dark tail. An adult house mouse can weigh up to 15 grams as they are tiny, and their dropping is rod-shaped.
3. Mouse vs Rat: Habitat and Breeding
Mice consume more food as compared to rats. They eat plants, cereal grains, and almost anything eatable they can find on their paths. One of the common habits of mice is they build nests around the food source with soft material. Talking about breeding, a female mouse can bread up to six babies in a year. The total lifespan of a mouse is 12 months.
Whereas a rat consumes less food, they prefer meat, grain and around half an ounce of water in a day. Unlike mice, the rats look for the water source and drink water separately. A female rate can breed up to 12 babies in a year. However, the rat’s life span is around 18 months, more than mice.
4. Mouse vs Rat: Movement
The mouse has the ability to stand on his hind legs, followed by the support of his tail. You can usually find a mouse in this position while eating food. Another interesting thing about mice is they are great swimmers, jumpers, and climbers. A mouse can jump up to thirteen inches high. They can run on the wires. They avoid going out in the bright light and use dark paths to travel.
On the other side, rats will in sewers enter the house or any building using toiled and drain pipes. They are also excellent swimmers and climbers. They move along the regular paths and avoid changing the tracks.
5. Mouse vs Rat: Who Causes More Damage?
Well, having either one of these rodents in your building can cause significant structural damage to your building and health problems as well. Yes, you heard it right. Rodents can transmit bacteria and disease to the occupants.
That’s why it’s important not to avoid the rodent problem and prevent it as soon as possible. For that, we suggest consulting a professional pest control services. They are trained professionals with proper equipment, and they can inspect and address the situation by visiting your place.